Next, there were thousands of Germans who had to be processed as prisoners of war. Additionally, because the Division's zone included several important industrial centers, there were thousands of non-German laborers -- including former slave laborers -- who had to be identified, housed, and turned over to the proper authorities for transportation home or other disposition. These "displaced persons," or DPs, had to be carefully screened to ensure they were properly classified and supported, and to also make sure that no German ex-soldiers, Nazi Party officials, criminals, or other "wanted" personnel were able to escape by blending in with the masses of humanity that flowed over post-war Europe. The 100th Infantry Division's Counter Intelligence Detachment was augmented by teams of German speaking Centurymen who screened thousands of suspects caught in the net of checkpoints and patrols within the Division zone of occupation.

Finally, military discipline and unit combat readiness had to be maintained; the war was not over in the Pacific Theater, and the impact of the plans for the invasion of Japan had not been announced. Individual weapons proficiency kept basic marksmanship skills honed, and drill aided unit cohesion. An extensive sports program was instituted, which included not only intramurals, but also inter-unit competition. The Division softball team won the Seventh Army championship, but lost to the 3d Army's champion 10th Armored Division nine in three straight (in a best of five series).

Liberated Polish DPs cheer Centurymen along a roadway near Backnang.

German officers line up for processing as prisoners of war.