Commanding General, Division Artillery

October 1943 - August 1945

Born in Macedonia, Iowa, 16 June 1898, General Murphy attended Texas A&M for a year before entering the military service as a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1917. To meet the leadership needs of the burgeoning American Army, this class was graduated in November 1918, but recalled just over a month later. After an additional year at the Academy, the "student officers" of the class of 1918 left West Point for good in June of 1919.

Commissioned into the Field Artillery, General Murphy served in various command, staff, and instructor assignments in the continental United States and Hawaii throughout the interwar years. After the United States entered WWII, he commanded a combat command (brigade) of the 7th Armored Division in training before being selected to command Division Artillery of the 100th Infantry Division in October 1943, just before the Division embarked on Tennessee Maneuvers.

General Murphy remained in command of DIVARTY throughout the remainder of the war, relinquishing command 13 August 1945 to serve as the G-1 in Headquarters, European Command.